Vatra Dornei is located in north-east Romania, in the south-western part of Suceava County, 110 km away from Suceava, the capital of the county. The city of Câmpulung Moldovenesc is 40 km away, the city of Bistrița85 km away, the town of Gura Humorului 74 km away and the town of Broșteni 52 km away.
Vatra Dornei is at the confluence of Bistrița River and Dorna River, in Dorna Depression. Because of its mountain surroundings, the city is a spa and ski resort, one of the oldest resorts in Romania. Vatra Dornei is connected to the Romanian national railway system and has two railway stations, Vatra Dornei and Vatra Dornei Băi, both historical monuments. The European route E58, that links the region of Moldavia withTransylvania, crosses the city.
Vatra Dornei is a is a typical mountain settlement, located in the northern part of the Eastern Carpathians at an altitude of about 800 meters. Dorna Depression city is willing to perform the following limits: Rarău Mountains and northeast Giumalău (with Barnarel peak – 1,321 meters); Călimani south (with Dealu Black Peak – 1302 meters) and Suhard Mountains to the north (with Runc peak – 1,149 meters). The geology of the territory is made up of crystalline limestone (Suhard Mountains in the north) and volcanic rocks (Călimani in the south).
The municipality lies at the confluence of the Golden Bistrita and Dorna. Apart from these two major waterways, which formed at the confluence of Dorna Depression, the town is crossed by several streams: Argestru, Chile, colacel, Red, Negreşti.
The climate is temperate continental with an average annual temperature of 5.2 ° C. In July the average is 15 ° C, and in January -6 ° C. Extreme temperatures recorded at Wah are: 36.4 ° C (on July 18, 1904) and -36.5 ° C (13 January 1950).
Rainfall is abundant and reached approximately 800 mm. The number of days in a year snow amounts to about 120 days / year. The long rainy Worcester was registered in August 1908 (14 days). Average atmospheric pressure is 690 mm in January, 694 mm respectively in September.